Algebraic Curves Over Finite Fields

Author by : Carlos Moreno
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Develops the theory of algebraic curves over finite fields, their zeta and L-functions and the theory of algebraic geometric Goppa codes.


Codes On Algebraic Curves

Author by : Serguei A. Stepanov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This is a self-contained introduction to algebraic curves over finite fields and geometric Goppa codes. There are four main divisions in the book. The first is a brief exposition of basic concepts and facts of the theory of error-correcting codes (Part I). The second is a complete presentation of the theory of algebraic curves, especially the curves defined over finite fields (Part II). The third is a detailed description of the theory of classical modular curves and their reduction modulo a prime number (Part III). The fourth (and basic) is the construction of geometric Goppa codes and the production of asymptotically good linear codes coming from algebraic curves over finite fields (Part IV). The theory of geometric Goppa codes is a fascinating topic where two extremes meet: the highly abstract and deep theory of algebraic (specifically modular) curves over finite fields and the very concrete problems in the engineering of information transmission. At the present time there are two essentially different ways to produce asymptotically good codes coming from algebraic curves over a finite field with an extremely large number of rational points. The first way, developed by M. A. Tsfasman, S. G. Vladut and Th. Zink [210], is rather difficult and assumes a serious acquaintance with the theory of modular curves and their reduction modulo a prime number. The second way, proposed recently by A.


Algebraic Curves Over A Finite Field

Author by : J. W. P. Hirschfeld
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Description : This book provides an accessible and self-contained introduction to the theory of algebraic curves over a finite field, a subject that has been of fundamental importance to mathematics for many years and that has essential applications in areas such as finite geometry, number theory, error-correcting codes, and cryptology. Unlike other books, this one emphasizes the algebraic geometry rather than the function field approach to algebraic curves. The authors begin by developing the general theory of curves over any field, highlighting peculiarities occurring for positive characteristic and requiring of the reader only basic knowledge of algebra and geometry. The special properties that a curve over a finite field can have are then discussed. The geometrical theory of linear series is used to find estimates for the number of rational points on a curve, following the theory of Stöhr and Voloch. The approach of Hasse and Weil via zeta functions is explained, and then attention turns to more advanced results: a state-of-the-art introduction to maximal curves over finite fields is provided; a comprehensive account is given of the automorphism group of a curve; and some applications to coding theory and finite geometry are described. The book includes many examples and exercises. It is an indispensable resource for researchers and the ideal textbook for graduate students.


Current Trends In Number Theory

Author by : S.D. Adhikari
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : Proceedings of the International Conference on Number Theory, held at Allahabad in November 2000.


Surveys In Combinatorics 2021

Author by : Konrad K. Dabrowski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : These nine articles provide up-to-date surveys of topics of contemporary interest in combinatorics.


Finite Fields Theory And Computation

Author by : Igor Shparlinski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This book is mainly devoted to some computational and algorithmic problems in finite fields such as, for example, polynomial factorization, finding irreducible and primitive polynomials, the distribution of these primitive polynomials and of primitive points on elliptic curves, constructing bases of various types and new applications of finite fields to other areas of mathematics. For completeness we in clude two special chapters on some recent advances and applications of the theory of congruences (optimal coefficients, congruential pseudo-random number gener ators, modular arithmetic, etc.) and computational number theory (primality testing, factoring integers, computation in algebraic number theory, etc.). The problems considered here have many applications in Computer Science, Cod ing Theory, Cryptography, Numerical Methods, and so on. There are a few books devoted to more general questions, but the results contained in this book have not till now been collected under one cover. In the present work the author has attempted to point out new links among different areas of the theory of finite fields. It contains many very important results which previously could be found only in widely scattered and hardly available conference proceedings and journals. In particular, we extensively review results which originally appeared only in Russian, and are not well known to mathematicians outside the former USSR.


Arithmetic Geometry Cryptography And Coding Theory

Author by : Alp Bassa
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This volume contains the proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Arithmetic, Geometry, Cryptography, and Coding Theory (AGCT), held at the Centre International de Rencontres Mathématiques in Marseille, France, from May 18–22, 2015. Since the first meeting almost 30 years ago, the biennial AGCT meetings have been one of the main events bringing together researchers interested in explicit aspects of arithmetic geometry and applications to coding theory and cryptography. This volume contains original research articles reflecting recent developments in the field.


An Introduction To Algebraic Geometry

Author by : Kenji Ueno
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This introduction to algebraic geometry allows readers to grasp the fundamentals of the subject with only linear algebra and calculus as prerequisites. After a brief history of the subject, the book introduces projective spaces and projective varieties, and explains plane curves and resolution of their singularities. The volume further develops the geometry of algebraic curves and treats congruence zeta functions of algebraic curves over a finite field. It concludes with a complex analytical discussion of algebraic curves. The author emphasizes computation of concrete examples rather than proofs, and these examples are discussed from various viewpoints. This approach allows readers to develop a deeper understanding of the theorems.


Advances In Cryptology Crypto 2002

Author by : Moti Yung
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : Crypto 2002, the 22nd Annual Crypto Conference, was sponsored by IACR, the International Association for Cryptologic Research, in cooperation with the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Security and Privacy and the Computer Science Department of the University of California at Santa Barbara. It is published as Vol. 2442 of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) of Springer Verlag. Note that 2002, 22 and 2442 are all palindromes... (Don’t nod!) Theconferencereceived175submissions,ofwhich40wereaccepted;twos- missionsweremergedintoasinglepaper,yieldingthetotalof39papersaccepted for presentation in the technical program of the conference. In this proceedings volume you will ?nd the revised versions of the 39 papers that were presented at the conference. The submissions represent the current state of work in the cryptographic community worldwide, covering all areas of cryptologic research. In fact, many high-quality works (that surely will be published elsewhere) could not be accepted. This is due to the competitive nature of the conference and the challenging task of selecting a program. I wish to thank the authors of all submitted papers. Indeed, it is the authors of all papers who have made this conference possible, regardless of whether or not their papers were accepted. The conference program was also immensely bene?ted by two plenary talks.


Algebraic Geometric Codes

Author by : Michael A. Tsfasman
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This book focuses on the theory of algebraic geometry codes, a subject that has emerged at the meeting point of several fields of mathematics. Unlike other texts, it consistently seeks interpretations that connect coding theory to algebraic geometry and number theory. This approach makes the book useful for both coding experts and experts in algebraic geometry.


Pairing Based Cryptography Pairing 2007

Author by : Tsuyoshi Takagi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The1stInternationalConferenceonPairing-BasedCryptography(Pairing2007) was held in Tokyo, Japan, during July 2 4, 2007. Pairing-based cryptography has been causing a paradigm shift in cryptography an ever increasing number of novel protocols using pairing have been appearing in the literature: identi- basedencryption, shortsignature, ande?cientbroadcastencryption, tomention but a few. Theaim ofPairing2007wasto bring together leadingresearchersand practitioners from academia and industry, all concerned with problems related to pairing-based cryptography.This conference was sponsored by the University of Tsukuba, and it was o?ered in cooperation with Tokyo Section, The Ins- tute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and The Japan Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (JSIAM). Pairing 2007 received 86 submissions from all over the world. Each paper was double-blindly evaluated by at least three reviewers regarding the technical relevance to pairing-based cryptography, and 18 papers were selected for p- sentation at Pairing 2007. We would like to thank all members of the Program Committee for their support and enormous investment of time throughout the whole delicate review process. We are also extremely grateful for all the help and support of a large number of external reviewers who reviewed submissions in their area of expertise. The program also included ?ve invited talks by Dan Boneh from Stanford University, USA; Steven Galbraith from Royal Holloway University of London, UK; Alfred Menezes fromUniversityof Waterloo, Canada;TakakazuSatohfrom Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan; and Michael Scott from Dublin City U- versity, Ireland. At least one page of the extended abstract for each invited talk is included in the proceedings."


Higher Dimensional Geometry Over Finite Fields

Author by : D. Kaledin
Languange : en
Publisher by : IOS Press
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Description : Number systems based on a finite collection of symbols, such as the 0s and 1s of computer circuitry, are ubiquitous in the modern age. Finite fields are the most important such number systems, playing a vital role in military and civilian communications through coding theory and cryptography. These disciplines have evolved over recent decades, and where once the focus was on algebraic curves over finite fields, recent developments have revealed the increasing importance of higher-dimensional algebraic varieties over finite fields. The papers included in this publication introduce the reader to recent developments in algebraic geometry over finite fields with particular attention to applications of geometric techniques to the study of rational points on varieties over finite fields of dimension of at least 2.


Elliptic Curves

Author by : Dale Husemoller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The book divides naturally into several parts according to the level of the material, the background required of the reader, and the style of presentation with respect to details of proofs. For example, the first part, to Chapter 6, is undergraduate in level, the second part requires a background in Galois theory and the third some complex analysis, while the last parts, from Chapter 12 on, are mostly at graduate level. A general outline ofmuch ofthe material can be found in Tate's colloquium lectures reproduced as an article in Inven tiones [1974]. The first part grew out of Tate's 1961 Haverford Philips Lectures as an attempt to write something for publication c10sely related to the original Tate notes which were more or less taken from the tape recording of the lectures themselves. This inc1udes parts of the Introduction and the first six chapters The aim ofthis part is to prove, by elementary methods, the Mordell theorem on the finite generation of the rational points on elliptic curves defined over the rational numbers. In 1970 Tate teturned to Haverford to give again, in revised form, the originallectures of 1961 and to extend the material so that it would be suitable for publication. This led to a broader plan forthe book.


Applications Of Curves Over Finite Fields

Author by : Joint Summ Ams-Ims-Siam
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This volume presents the results of the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference held at the University of Washington (Seattle). The talks were devoted to various aspects of the theory of algebraic curves over finite fields and its numerous applications. The three basic themes are the following: Curves with many rational points. Several articles describe main approaches to the construction of such curves: the Drinfeld modules and fiber product methods, the moduli space approach, and the constructions using classical curves; Monodromy groups of characteristic $p$ covers. A number of authors presented the results and conjectures related to the study of the monodromy groups of curves over finite fields. In particular, they study the monodromy groups from genus $0$ covers, reductions of covers, and explicit computation of monodromy groups over finite fields; and, Zeta functions and trace formulas.To a large extent, papers devoted to this topic reflect the contributions of Professor Bernard Dwork and his students. This conference was the last attended by Professor Dwork before his death, and several papers inspired by his presence include commentaries about the applications of trace formulas and $L$-function. The volume also contains a detailed introduction paper by Professor Michael Fried, which helps the reader to navigate in the material presented in the book.


Arithmetic Geometry And Coding Theory

Author by : R. Pellikaan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : The series is aimed specifically at publishing peer reviewed reviews and contributions presented at workshops and conferences. Each volume is associated with a particular conference, symposium or workshop. These events cover various topics within pure and applied mathematics and provide up-to-date coverage of new developments, methods and applications.


Encyclopaedia Of Mathematics

Author by : Michiel Hazewinkel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF MATHEMATICS aims to be a reference work for all parts of mathema tics. It is a translation with updates and editorial comments of the Soviet Mathematical Encyclo paedia published by 'Soviet Encyclopaedia Publishing House' in five volumes in 1977 - 1985. The annotated translation consists of ten volumes including a special index volume. There are three kinds of articles in this ENCYCLOPAEDIA. First of all there are survey-type articles dealing with the various main directions in mathematics (where a rather fine subdivision has been used). The main requirement for these articles has been that they should give a reason ably complete up-to-date account of the current state of affairs in these areas and that they should be maximally accessible. On the whole, these articles should be understandable to mathematics students in their first specialization years, to graduates from other mathematical areas and, depending on the specific subject, to specialists in other domains of science, en gineers and teachers of mathematics. These articles treat their material at a fairly general level and aim to give an idea of the kind of problems, techniques and concepts involved in the area in question. They also contain background and motivation rather than precise statements of pre cise theorems with detailed definitions and technical details on how to carry out proofs and con structions.


Finite Fields With Applications To Coding Theory Cryptography And Related Areas

Author by : Gary L. Mullen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The Sixth International Conference on Finite Fields and Applications, Fq6, held in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, from May 21-25, 2001, continued a series of biennial international conferences on finite fields. This volume documents the steadily increasing interest in this topic. Finite fields are an important tool in discrete mathematics and its applications cover algebraic geometry, coding theory, cryptology, design theory, finite geometries, and scientific computation, among others. An important feature is the interplay between theory and applications which has led to many new perspectives in research on finite fields and other areas. This interplay has been emphasized in this series of conferences and certainly was reflected in Fq6. This volume offers up-to-date original research papers by leading experts in the area.


Mordell Weil Lattices

Author by : Matthias Schütt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : This book lays out the theory of Mordell–Weil lattices, a very powerful and influential tool at the crossroads of algebraic geometry and number theory, which offers many fruitful connections to other areas of mathematics. The book presents all the ingredients entering into the theory of Mordell–Weil lattices in detail, notably, relevant portions of lattice theory, elliptic curves, and algebraic surfaces. After defining Mordell–Weil lattices, the authors provide several applications in depth. They start with the classification of rational elliptic surfaces. Then a useful connection with Galois representations is discussed. By developing the notion of excellent families, the authors are able to design many Galois representations with given Galois groups such as the Weyl groups of E6, E7 and E8. They also explain a connection to the classical topic of the 27 lines on a cubic surface. Two chapters deal with elliptic K3 surfaces, a pulsating area of recent research activity which highlights many central properties of Mordell–Weil lattices. Finally, the book turns to the rank problem—one of the key motivations for the introduction of Mordell–Weil lattices. The authors present the state of the art of the rank problem for elliptic curves both over Q and over C(t) and work out applications to the sphere packing problem. Throughout, the book includes many instructive examples illustrating the theory.


Finite Fields Theory Applications And Algorithms

Author by : Ronald Cleveland Mullin
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : The Fourth International Conference on Finite Fields: Theory, Applications, and Algorithms was held at the University of Waterloo in August 1997. This volume presents the refereed proceedings. Because of its applications in so many diverse areas, finite fields continues to grow in importance in modern mathematics. Finite fields now play particularly important roles in number theory, algebra, and algebraic geometry. They also play a crucial role in computer science, statistics, and engineering. Areas of application include but are not limited to algebraic coding theory, cryptology, and combinatorial design theory. Computational and algorithmic aspects of finite field problems are also growing in significance. The conference drew workers in theoretical, applied, and algorithmic finite field theory. All papers were refereed. They are loosely classified as theoretical and applied and are listed under these general headings. The work contains up-to-date results from leading experts in the field.


Introduction To The Arithmetic Theory Of Automorphic Functions

Author by : Goro Shimura
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Description : The theory of automorphic forms is playing increasingly important roles in several branches of mathematics, even in physics, and is almost ubiquitous in number theory. This book introduces the reader to the subject and in particular to elliptic modular forms with emphasis on their number-theoretical aspects. After two chapters geared toward elementary levels, there follows a detailed treatment of the theory of Hecke operators, which associate zeta functions to modular forms. At a more advanced level, complex multiplication of elliptic curves and abelian varieties is discussed. The main question is the construction of abelian extensions of certain algebraic number fields, which is traditionally called "Hilbert's twelfth problem." Another advanced topic is the determination of the zeta function of an algebraic curve uniformized by modular functions, which supplies an indispensable background for the recent proof of Fermat's last theorem by Wiles.


Algebraic Number Theory

Author by : J.S. Chahal
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : This book offers the basics of algebraic number theory for students and others who need an introduction and do not have the time to wade through the voluminous textbooks available. It is suitable for an independent study or as a textbook for a first course on the topic. The author presents the topic here by first offering a brief introduction to number theory and a review of the prerequisite material, then presents the basic theory of algebraic numbers. The treatment of the subject is classical but the newer approach discussed at the end provides a broader theory to include the arithmetic of algebraic curves over finite fields, and even suggests a theory for studying higher dimensional varieties over finite fields. It leads naturally to the Weil conjecture and some delicate questions in algebraic geometry. About the Author Dr. J. S. Chahal is a professor of mathematics at Brigham Young University. He received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University and after spending a couple of years at the University of Wisconsin as a post doc, he joined Brigham Young University as an assistant professor and has been there ever since. He specializes and has published several papers in number theory. For hobbies, he likes to travel and hike. His book, Fundamentals of Linear Algebra, is also published by CRC Press.


Algebra Arithmetic And Geometry With Applications

Author by : Chris Christensen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Proceedings of the Conference on Algebra and Algebraic Geometry with Applications, July 19 – 26, 2000, at Purdue University to honor Professor Shreeram S. Abhyankar on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. Eighty-five of Professor Abhyankar's students, collaborators, and colleagues were invited participants. Sixty participants presented papers related to Professor Abhyankar's broad areas of mathematical interest. Sessions were held on algebraic geometry, singularities, group theory, Galois theory, combinatorics, Drinfield modules, affine geometry, and the Jacobian problem. This volume offers an outstanding collection of papers by expert authors.


Proceedings Of A Conference On Local Fields

Author by : T. A. Springer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : From July 25-August 6, 1966 a Summer School on Local Fields was held in Driebergen (the Netherlands), organized by the Netherlands Universities Foundation for International Cooperation (NUFFIC) with financial support from NATO. The scientific organizing Committl!e consisted ofF. VANDER BLIJ, A.H.M. LEVELT, A.F. MaNNA, J.P. MuRRE and T.A. SPRINGER. The Summer School was attended by approximately 80 mathematicians from various countries. The contributions collected in the present book are all based on the talks given at the Summer School. It is hoped that the book will serve the same purpose as the Summer School: to provide an introduction to current research in Local Fields and related topics. July 1967 T.A. SPRINGER Contents ARnN, M. and B. MAZUR: Homotopy of Varieties in the Etale Topology 1 BAss, H: The Congruence Subgroup Problem 16 BRUHAT, F. et J. TITs: Groupes algebriques simples sur un corps local . 23 CASSELS, J.W.S. : Elliptic Curves over Local Fields 37 DwoRK, B. : On the Rationality of Zeta Functions and L-Series 40 MaNNA, A.F. : Linear Topological Spaces over Non-Archimedean Valued Fields . 56 NERON, A. : Modeles minimaux des espaces principaux homo genes sur les courbes elliptiques 66 RAYNAUD, M. : Passage au quotient par une relation d'equivalence plate . 78 REMMERT, R. : Algebraische Aspekte in der nichtarchimedischen Analysis . 86 SERRE, J.-P. : Sur les groupes de Galois attaches aux groupes p-divisibles . 118 SWINNERTON-DYER, P. : The Conjectures of Birch and Swinnerton- Dyer, and of Tate . 132 TATE, J.T.


Mathematical Reviews

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Mathematics

Author by : Mathematical Society of Japan
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
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Description : V.1. A.N. v.2. O.Z. Apendices and indexes.


Equivalents Of The Riemann Hypothesis Volume 2 Analytic Equivalents

Author by : Kevin Broughan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : The Riemann hypothesis (RH) is perhaps the most important outstanding problem in mathematics. This two-volume text presents the main known equivalents to RH using analytic and computational methods. The book is gentle on the reader with definitions repeated, proofs split into logical sections, and graphical descriptions of the relations between different results. It also includes extensive tables, supplementary computational tools, and open problems suitable for research. Accompanying software is free to download. These books will interest mathematicians who wish to update their knowledge, graduate and senior undergraduate students seeking accessible research problems in number theory, and others who want to explore and extend results computationally. Each volume can be read independently. Volume 1 presents classical and modern arithmetic equivalents to RH, with some analytic methods. Volume 2 covers equivalences with a strong analytic orientation, supported by an extensive set of appendices containing fully developed proofs.


Equivalents Of The Riemann Hypothesis

Author by : Kevin Broughan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : The Riemann hypothesis (RH) is perhaps the most important outstanding problem in mathematics. This two-volume text presents the main known equivalents to RH using analytic and computational methods. The book is gentle on the reader with definitions repeated, proofs split into logical sections, and graphical descriptions of the relations between different results. It also includes extensive tables, supplementary computational tools, and open problems suitable for research. Accompanying software is free to download. These books will interest mathematicians who wish to update their knowledge, graduate and senior undergraduate students seeking accessible research problems in number theory, and others who want to explore and extend results computationally. Each volume can be read independently. Volume 1 presents classical and modern arithmetic equivalents to RH, with some analytic methods. Volume 2 covers equivalences with a strong analytic orientation, supported by an extensive set of appendices containing fully developed proofs.


Fractal Geometry Complex Dimensions And Zeta Functions

Author by : Michel L. Lapidus
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Number theory, spectral geometry, and fractal geometry are interlinked in this study of the vibrations of fractal strings, that is, one-dimensional drums with fractal boundary. The Riemann hypothesis is given a natural geometric reformulation in context of vibrating fractal strings, and the book offers explicit formulas extended to apply to the geometric, spectral and dynamic zeta functions associated with a fractal.